How Satellite Technology is Saving Lions

A male lions lying down in dry grass.
A new alert system is helping to protect livestock from lions – and lions from people. Male Lion by Erlend Aasland. CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Here’s a cool story from the National Geographic Society that I found in my email this morning. It’s about how National Geographic grantees are using satellite technology to protect lions in Botswana.

Placing satellite, radio, or GPS collars on elusive animals like lions (Panthera leo) is a common way to study them. The collars allow scientists to monitor the creatures’ movements remotely, which generates all kinds of spatial data that helps researchers learn more about the species. These collars can also help reduce human-wildlife conflict.

Human-wildlife conflict is a major threat to animals like lions. When the big cats attack livestock, it can engender hostility towards them amongst local people – who may then be more likely to kill lions and other predators. Thus, protecting domestic animals can also benefit wild carnivores.

What National Geographic grantee Dr. Andrew Stein and his team have done is develop a set of coordinates called a “geofence.” When a collared lion crosses this fence, it sends a warning to local people. That means that participating herders have a chance to take action to protect their livestock, thus preventing human-wildlife conflict.

This “lion alert system” can be quite effective. The National Geographic story says, “Villagers that heeded the warnings saw a 50 percent reduction in their livestock losses.”

Dr. Stein also just co-authored an academic paper on the lion alert system, in which Dr. Florian J. Weise was the lead author. Click here to read it. As always, the original article contains more information as well.

As a bonus, here’s a neat video of Dr. Stein and his team collaring a male lion:

14 Thoughts

  1. I got some friends working on a project to see if they can incorporate automated drones into different fields from search an rescue to wildlife conservation.
    Sometimes tech can solve some age old problems (also creates new problems but hey one crosses a bridge when they get to it)
    ~B

    Liked by 1 person

      1. yes and the drones having cameras can provide surveillance, giving visual confirmation of whats happening at particular GPS co-ordinates, e.g. in the case of tracking collared animals or as right now to map out extent of damage by the cyclone and spot any survivors who need rescuing so helicopters can be deployed effectively with necessary provisions.
        ~B

        Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, there’s a few countries in southern Africa that are doing relatively well regarding conservation, and Botswana’s one of them. I’d love to be able to visit and learn about the differences in countries like Botswana and nearby nations that are struggling more with conservation.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. That’s pretty cool. I wonder if it will give poachers a leg up though? A similar kind of thing activates flashing road signs in Washington to alert drivers to nearby elk. I’m not aware of poachers using that to their advantage but elk are not lion.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Oh, I’m sure poachers will try to use any new technology to their advantage. I don’t know too much about GPS technology though, so I’m not sure if poachers can use it to track collared lions. I imagine the conservationists have already thought of this?

      Like

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